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جلوه های عرفانی تقرب الی الله - اعمال مشترك ماه شوال

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اعمال مشترك ماه شوال

 اعمال مشترك ماه شوال

 

علت نامگذارى
شَوّال، از ماده شَوْلا به معنى: از جاى بلند شدن و یا برداشتن و یا دست کشیدن از خانه و زندگى است، دلیل نام گذارى این ماه این بود که در آن زمان، قبایل براى قتال از زندگى و خانه خود دست مى کشیدند و دیگر اینکه گناهان مؤمنین در این ماه برداشته و زایل مى شود.(1)

اعمال مشترک اول هر ماه
1ـ دعا
در زمان دیدن هلال خواندن دعاى هلال وارد شده است و أقلّش آن است که سه مرتبه بگوید اللّهُ اَکْبَر و سه مرتبه لا إلهَ الَّا الْلّه و سپس بگوید: اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ الَّذى أذْهَبَ شَهْرَ کَذا وَ جاءَ بِشَهْرِ کَذا. بهترین دعاى زمان رؤیت هلال دعاى 43 «صحیفه سجّادیه» است.(2)

2ـ قرآن
خواندن هفت مرتبه سوره «حمد».(3)

3ـ روزه
از أمورى که بر آن تأکید شده، سه روز روزه گرفتن در هر ماه است. مرحوم «علّامه مجلسى»(رحمه الله) در «زادالمعاد» مى گوید: مطابق مشهور، این سه روز، پنجشنبه اوّل ماه و پنجشنبه آخر ماه و چهارشنبه اوّل از دهه وسط ماه است.(4)

4ـ نماز
شب اوّل ماه: دو رکعت نماز بجا آورد، به این نحو که: در هر رکعت پس از سوره «حمد» سوره «انعام» را بخواند سپس از خداوند متعال بخواهد که او را از هر ترسى و هر دردى ایمن گرداند.

روز اوّل ماه: خواندن نماز اوّل ماه که آن دو رکعت است، در رکعت اوّل بعد از «حمد» سى مرتبه سوره «توحید» و در رکعت دوّم بعد از «حمد» سى مرتبه سوره «قدر» بخواند و بعد از نماز صدقه اى در راه خدا بدهد; هر کس چنین کند، سلامت خود را در آن ماه از خداوند متعال گرفته است.(5)


نوشته شده در : شنبه 18 مهر 1388  توسط : لیلا احمدی زاده و اسماء كاظمى راد.    نظرات() .

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